There was a day when type had weight. Not as in bold or extra bold; as in 7 pounds 8 ounces.
That is the weight of the steel punch that was used to produce a 120-point capital A in the typeface Romain du Roi. The roi in this case was the Sun King, Louis XIV of France, under whose reign the typeface was begun in 1694 at the royal printing house, the Imprimerie Royale.
A punch is a precise sculpture — a three-dimensional letter form in reverse — that is struck into a small copper slab known as a matrix to create a mold. From this mold, individual pieces of type can be cast, again and again, in molten lead. It took about 65 years to make all the punches and matrices that are needed in the 21 fonts that compose Romain du Roi: each a different size, from 4 to 120 points, with upright and slanted letters, capital initials, numbers and punctuation.
Hundreds of historical punches and matrices of various typefaces and dozens of books are on view at the Grolier Club in “Printing for Kingdom, Empire & Republic: Treasures From the Archives of the Imprimerie Nationale.” (It ceased being Royale in 1789, as did everything else in France.)
This is the first time these exquisite artifacts have been shown outside France, said H. George Fletcher, a club member who is the curator of the show. Their arrival could not be more timely.
They offer a reminder, in the ethereal era of bitmapping, that type was once the tangible province of engravers and metal casters who labored in unforgiving but enduring media. To make a C with a cedilla, for example, involved a lot more effort and thought than holding down the Option key on your Mac. A comma-shaped steel appendage had to be lashed with string to the bottom of the C punch to produce a new matrix.
“People are practically printing books with their smartphones,” Mr. Fletcher said, in a tone suggesting that he did not think this was such a good idea. “It’s much more gratifying to be able to touch something and find out it’s real, rather than a matter of bits and bytes.”
Mr. Fletcher, 70, is a former curator at the Morgan Library & Museum and the retired director of special collections at the New York Public Library, so his assessments carry special weight. He paused appreciatively before a copy of “De Imitatione Christi,” the first book printed by the Imprimerie Royale in 1640. “It suits the grandeur that is France,” he said.
James Mosley, an eminent scholar of printing, identified the type in “De Imitatione Christi” as the work of Claude Garamond, or Garamont. That name ought to be familiar to anyone who has ever pored over type specimens. It is one of the many faces named for type founders, punch cutters and designers: think Baskerville (John), Bodoni (Giambattista), Caslon (William) or Gill (Eric).
Garamond was such a valuable brand, it was even applied to faces he didn’t design, like 17th-century types now called Romain de l’Université or Caractères de l’Université, by Jean Jannon.
“During the 19th century, the glamorous name of ‘Garamond’ was given to these types,” Mr. Mosley said in an e-mail. “It was ‘glamorous’ because he was an almost mythical historical figure.”
Typography, glamorous? Philippe Grandjean, the punch cutter responsible for Romain du Roi, probably didn’t see it that way, despite — or perhaps because of — the royal warrant. “He was working for a committee,” Mr. Fletcher said, “so you know what kind of responses he got.”
Grandjean’s punches were repeatedly rejected and destroyed, while his design drawings were being altered constantly. When his type was first used in 1702, for a history of the Sun King’s triumphs, Grandjean was named in the preface. That text was removed. “The suppression of the preface ensured that only one name remained prominent: that of the king himself,” Mr. Mosley wrote.
Politics claimed other victims. The Romain de l’Empereur was designed by Firmin Didot at the time of Napoleon’s ascension. “You had a new emperor, you needed a new typeface,” Mr. Fletcher said.
It was used only once, to print the coronation album. After Waterloo, there wasn’t much call for it.
But the punches and matrices for Napoleon’s typeface survive. They underscore just how little printing changed for centuries and how profoundly it has been transformed in recent decades. Seventeenth-century copper matrices have much in common with the brass matrices found in Linotype machines, which were used to set this newspaper until 1978.
At The New York Times, nothing physical remains from the days of hot type. It is miraculous that the Imprimerie Nationale has preserved a patrimony dating to the dawn of the French Renaissance, including 230,000 steel punches, 151,000 copper matrices and 224,000 Chinese ideograms that were carved in boxwood during the regency of Philippe II, some of which are at the Grolier Club.
The club, founded in 1884, is devoted to the art of the book. It is named for a 16th-century French bibliophile, Jean Grolier.
The letterpress catalog for the show was printed by the Imprimerie Nationale and composed at its Atelier du Livre d’Art et de l’Estampe. In Garamond, of course. The impressions made by the letters are so deep, you can feel them when you run your hand across the pages.
It is the emphasis on the physicality of type that makes the Grolier show so useful and — in the words of Nelly Gable, a punch cutter working for the Imprimerie Nationale — so lyrical.
Describing the creation of a ligature combining g and y, one of many such ligatures on display in the show, she wrote, “What plenitude of forms — the slopes, polished like mirrors, the gentle inclines that safeguard a particular angle, the fragile but vigorous swelling curves — monumental, a thing of beauty: a type founder’s punch.”
“Printing for Kingdom, Empire & Republic: Treasures From the Archives of the Imprimerie Nationale” runs through Feb. 4 at the Grolier Club, 47 East 60th Street, Manhattan; (212) 838-6690, grolierclub.org.close
NEW YORK, N.Y.- The Grolier Club of New York will devote both its upper and lower galleries to an unprecedented public exhibition on the history of the French national typographic and printing establishment, the Imprimerie Nationale, arguably the most important printing house in Europe. Drawn from the ancient, vast, and comprehensive archives of the Imprimerie Nationale, Printing for Kingdom, Empire, & Republic will document the significant influence of the press, not only on printing and the book arts, but also on French — and therefore European — literary culture from the mid-sixteenth century to the present day. The exhibition has been organized by The Grolier Club and the Groupe Imprimerie Nationale, S.A., with administrative and organizational support from the Institut Mémoires de l’Édition Contemporaine, France’s largest archive of authorial and publishing materials.
The exhibition has been curated by Grolier Club member H. George Fletcher (former Astor Curator of Printed Books and Bindings at the Morgan Library & Museum, and retired Brooke Russell Astor Director for Special Collections at The New York Public Library). It tells the story of the Imprimerie Nationale, from the royal printers established by François I in 1538, to the Imprimerie Royale created by Cardinal Richelieu in 1640, through many generations of development, marked often by artistic innovation and wide cultural influence, but sometimes by distress and neglect, to triumphant survival in the present day. The Grolier Club galleries will be host to over 200 exhibits, comprising several thousand objects, all classified as French monuments historiques, and never before seen outside of France. The items on show encompass artifacts of various printing processes, such as punches, matrices, and typefonts from the days of François I to the present, as well as engraved plates used to produce illustrations for such renowned works as Louis XIV’s Médailles and the Description de l’Égypt commissioned by Napoleon.
The exhibition will also showcase archival copies of the books produced at the Imprimerie Nationale, from the scholarly products of the Renaissance in France through the royal folios of the Sun King to the culture-changing works of the twentieth century, and thus to the work of postwar and present-day generations of French book artists. In many instances, original manuscripts, documents, and artwork will allow the visitor to follow the art, craft, and business of book-making from conception to realization. Video installations are planned to provide visitors with an overview of the history of the Imprimerie Nationale, and its continuing commitment to the art and craft of book production.
Three master artisans from the Imprimerie Nationale will offer demonstrations of punch-cutting, hand composition of Chinese characters, and computerized type design, on December 7-9; tours and lectures, in English and French, are planned for a range of dates in December and January; and a day-long colloquium on the Imprimerie Nationale and the history of printing will be held at the French Institute / Alliance Française, on January 24, 2012.
Location and Time: Printing for Kingdom, Empire, & Republic: Treasures from the Archives of the Imprimerie Nationale will be on public view at the Grolier Club, 47 East 60th Street, New York, from December 7, 2011–February 4, 2012, with the exception of December 24, 26, 31 and January 2, when the Club is closed. The exhibition will be open to the public free of charge, Monday to Saturday, 10 a.m. to 5 p.m.close
Frédéric Mitterrand, Minister of Culture and Communication, awards on Wednesday, November 23rd, 2011 the title of " Master of art " to six professionals of exception of art professions.
What Master of art? Following the example of the Alive National Treasuries Of Japan, Masters of art are carriers of exceptional know-how That they owe pass on. The appointment as Master of art Aim at supporting the vast field of art professions. Created in 1994 by him Ministry of Culture, the title of Master of art awarded since summer in Hundred and seven excellent professionals. Carrier of a talent, one Experience and of a skill rare, Master of art makes a commitment in Pass on his knowledge and his knack to a qualified pupil So that he immortalizes them.
Since 2010, the Ministry of Culture and Communication awards This title every year to value an immaterial heritage Of exception and to encourage its transmission. To do it, Master Art receives an annual allowance of the State, to the amount of 16 000 Euro, with the aim of proposing a hanging high-level training Three years to a pupil.
Frédéric Mitterrand distinguished six excellent professionals, among whom Embroiderer François Lesage, named Master of art on an honorary basis for Its whole career. The remarkable know-how and the exceptional Talent of these craftsmen contribute to the influence of practices Artistic in domains so varied as the printing office, the arts Plastics, the design, the ceramic, the fashion, the book and the edition. This New promotion also brings to light the rich collaboration Between Masters of art, artists and contemporary designers.
Joël Bertin, caster of typographic characters Last caster in service in Europe, Joël Bertin is a team leader in Breast of the Workshop of the Art book and the Print since 2003. Of the revision Characters of the Government Printing Office, by way of the services Photocomposition, prepress and manufacturing, he builds up to itself a robust Experience henceforth recognized international. He indeed collaborates With artists of the whole world such as Zanuzucchi, Ra Anan Levy Or of numerous publishers of art as Maeght, Editart-Genève, publishing Of the magazine Conference, Agencia Literaria Carmen Balcells or still The publishing Tracks. Joël Bertin also developed of news Innovative techniques, as the adaptation of certain long-distance skiers in Didot or still the cast iron of the tie with crack for clasp in her Japanese for the book of Miquel Barcelo.
Gérard Borde, ceramist After prestigious debuts within the Factory of Sèvres where he Participate in the production of artists' sculptures contemporary also Different that François-Xavier Lalanne, Zao Wou Ki or still France Franck, Gérard Borde creates, in Limoges, a workshop of research and Ceramic production to develop some design of objects. Traveling, him Oscillate henceforth between Limoges, where he occupies the functions of Director Technique of the Research center on the Arts of fire and Earth ( CRAFT), and Tarbes where he teaches the College of Art and of Ceramic. He realizes and coordinates projects contributing to the innovation Manufacturer, looking constantly for the limits of the ceramic material. On more than eighty projects, let us quote Stained glass from it lithophanie of china Realized in 2004 with Philippe Favier. Between personal creation and Collaborations with Marc Couturier, Martin Szekely or still Yann Kersalé, Gérard Borde has respite to open towards new projects Artistic of exception.
François Lesage, embroiderer Heir of a long tradition of embroiderers for the fashion design and the loan To carry, he makes his first weapons for Elsa's singular collections Schiaparelli. After an apprenticeship within the family workshop, him Flies away for the United States to open a workshop on the avenue most Celebrate western American, Sunset Boulevard, where the know-how and Virtuosity that he acquired in France quickly open him the doors of Studios of Hollywood. But the death of his father ends this adventure, And in 1949, he resumes his workshop. During the sixties, his innovative talent blooms and Becomes emancipated of the weight of the tradition. He experiments materials New, treatments of audacious materials and account among his Clientele of big names of the fashion such as Lanvin, Givenchy, Dior, Chanel, Stoneware, Patou, Yves Saint Laurent. It is during annéesquatre- Twenty that he meets Christian Lacroix, then, ten years later, Thierry Mugler and Jean-Paul Gaultier for whom his house will produce Masterpieces. His ambition does not stop there. In 1992, he one School of embroidery to pass on and immortalize its art, where come Train students and amateurs of embroidery of the whole world. On 2002, his house enters the galaxy Chanel, and he becomes for Karl An irreplaceable partner Lagerfeld, he will say: " I do not conceive of Mode without embroidery, nor of embroidery without Lesage. " Inspired Creator and interpreter of the most famous fashion designers, he realized Bigger collection of embroidery for the sewing in the world.
Laurent Nogues, graphic creator in embossing, gilt and Inlay Hardly awarded a diploma by the Ensaama, Laurent Nogues his company Créanog in 1994, registering his company in the spiritual inheritance of Creations Fournier, for a long time managed by his father. In the know-how Exceptional in the field of the embossing, of the hot marking and of The inlay on paper, he brings the additional dimension of her Graphic creation which opens him the doors of the customers most Prestigious: Christian Dior Parfums, Chanel, the Currency of Paris, Cognac Lheraud. Laurent Nogues, afterward, a pole of management Of manufacturing which allows to propose a much more global offer. He Cartier is then going to create for Frédéric Malle, Thierry Mugler, without forgetting Yves Saint Laurent, house for which he imagines caskets of Christmas In 2006, or still Cognacs Hennessy in 2010 with the conception Of the graphic identity of the Castle of Bagnolet.
Yves Parisse, tailor, engraver on crystal (house Baccarat) Yves Parisse enters in prestigious house Baccarat, in 1975, As apprentice, then climbs one by one all the levels to reach in her Responsibility of head of the workshop of size engraving and big decoration. His job consists in intervening after the work of the glassworker to decorate in The hand of glasses, vases, decanters, jewels, chandeliers... He Create linear, geometrical motives, facets, bevels, everything By digging the glass to obtain a decoration or create a new shape. Within the framework of his workshop, Yves Parisse occupies a particular place And power plant because all the works of exception are executed there, including Lighting trade. He defines, in connection with the engineering consulting firm, the conditions of Manufacturing of every object to respect the spirit wanted by each of Contemporary artists and designers with whom he collaborates: Philippe Starck, Elie Top, James Hayon, or still Ora Ito.
Michaël Woolworth, lithographer, publisher of art The speciality of Michaël Woolworth concentrates on techniques Of impression on manual press (lithograph on stone, wood Engraved, one-design sailboat, linocut, etching) and on an editorial activity, Putting his know-how in the service of contemporary artists. He begins in Sides of Franck Bordas and collaborate with renowned artists, among whom Jean Dubuffet, to realize, besides about twenty boards, his Lithographic exercises. The experience of its collaborations with Daniel Pommereulle, Jorge Camacho and many other artists the conduit in of New practices as the engraved wood, the linocut, the engraving in Carborundum and the one-design sailboat, thanks to the press with engraving. The activity Editorial of Michaël Woolworth and the implementation of exhibitions, for To defend and to spread the art of the contemporary print, is Considerably increased these last years: for example in the castle Of Chambord, monographic exhibitions on Marc Desgrandchamps, Jean-Michel Othoniel or Djamel Tatah were Presented to show their collaborations with the workshop.
On the occasion of these appointments, unique rooms of the new Masters of art will be presented to the public, from November 23rd till January 15th 2012, in the spaces of exhibition of the Ministry of Culture and of her Communication (Galleries of the Palais Royal).close
It will sign the minutes and secure computer files.
Eighteen months of study were necessary for the officers to enter a new era. By the end of 2012, good old tricolor "bream" has lived, giving way to an inviolable electronic business card. The size of a credit card, this futuristic Sesame hit the initials "police" in red and marked "RF" is a minirévolution for 150. 000 employees who will wear it, but also for the public. Indeed, the police can now, thanks to a microchip embedded, leaving their signatures on electronic records. "With the end of postage fines deposited on the windshield, the officer who recorded the offense in a real-time digital camera can now, in a single connection, enter his number to facilitate the processing of applications" said Pascal Garibian, spokesman of the Directorate General of National Police.
Eventually, thanks to his new password and a secret six-digit code, each employee will have access to a large amount of numerical procedures exchanged between judges, lawyers or bailiffs. "Until then, a huge volume of records written on paper made countless shuttles between the police and the courts, says commissioner. The latest business card will allow investigators to have access without delay to electronic procurement which will be generalized throughout the judicial process."
In addition to time saving, whole forests that will be saved. Encoded and programmed by rank and function of its owner, the electronic card will serve as a police pass to cross the doors of some buildings. It will also allow officials, whether civilian or uniformed, to identify and authenticate themselves during the consultation files of the "big house", such as the treatment system of criminal information (Stic) too often hijacked in the past.
Eighteen points security
After a three months ramp-up in the Somme, the device will win the whole territory, at 10.000 cards coming out every week of the Imprimerie Nationale at Douai (Nord). Manufacturing cost? Twelve euros each, that is to say less expensive than current cards with two officials mobilized continuously.
To protect the most multiple-use this document, no less than eighteen points of safety have been designed. In addition to two chips and a magnetic tape, electronic card includes a chip that prevents tampering with the photo of the police. Moreover, his face is shown again in the form of a hologram giving way to a star like the sheriff when the document is tilted. To complicate any attempt of forgery, section 12 of the Bill of Rights is contained in the background. To keep the original spirit, the designers have retained the blue band, red white and metal medal. Even though it is rarely shown.
Autor : Christophe Cornevinclose
Technological advances will boost the capabilities of this tool for agents.
The police has a brand new card. It always includes the photo of the official police and the word in big red letters but hides many innovative electronic. Europe1. introduces it.
As a credit card.
In addition to being card requisition, allowing the police, including undercover, to identify themselves, the new card will indeed allow the agent to authenticate to access his computer or files on which it is entitled to work. Thus, like a bank card, the new card works with a police bullet and a personal PIN code secure all access.
Like a pass.
"This new card, which is a mini-revolution for all police, is in fact a unique identification authentication card" welcomes Pascal Garibian, the spokesman for the police, at the microphone of Europe 1. With RFID, the card will also serve as building access badge sensitive.
Like a Health card.
It will also entail the electronic signature of the agent to facilitate the paperless future proceedings, that is to say, the end of the transmission of PV paper. The agent will insert his card into a reader and initial the PV by a single digital signature, then transmitted to the rest of the procedure.
Like a banknote.
Protected as a banknote, the new police board has eighteen points security. This makes it "virtually impossible to forge" the Commissioner Winter, who oversaw the project.
Made by the Imprimerie Nationale, the new police card is cheaper than its big sister. It is up to twelve euros each against fifteen to twenty euros for the former. Its deployment began in the Somme and will extend to all French police end of 2012.
Autors : Frédéric Frangeul and Guillaume Bietclose
PARIS - Chip makers, e-ID readers markers, and the Imprimerie Nationale, manufacturers say they are ready for the arrival of the electronic identity card, which was voted this week by the Assembly, and which will be mainly manufactured with French components.
Bearing the credentials, the scanned picture and also the fingerprints, the card should be gradually distributed to some 60 million French in 2012 at the earliest, at the option of renewal.
Free, to the format of a credit card, the e-card has two chips.
The “State” chip which will contain the identity information of the holder: it can be read in approaching e-card to “contactless” readers installed in city halls and administrations, as the “Navigo pass” in the transport of Ile-de-France.
The second chip, optional, so-called “e-services”, will affix signatures on the internet for trade and administrative concerns. This option will need to be equipped with a specific drive, where to insert the card as payment by credit card with PIN.
Will the second player be offered by the State to the French with their new electronic identity card, as in Germany, or will people have to buy it, as in Belgium? “The issue is not settled yet” said one industry expert.
The manufacture of e-ID card will cost the State at least twelve million Euros more per year than the current cards. While these plastic cards cost 4-5 Euros each, the biometric cards will cost from 7 to 8 Euros; according to the Interior Ministry, 6.2 million new ID cards are published every year.
The Imprimerie Nationale is the sole authority in France to produce ID documents.
“We already realize electronic documents” ie electronic European residence Permits or agent cards for the French Military Police told AFP Agnes Martin, her communications director.
These documents are manufactured at its plant in Douai (Nord), a highly protected site classified as “vital importance operator” in 2010 by the authorities.
It supplies components (chips, software) from major industry leaders, the French Gemalto, Oberthur Technologies and Morpho (Safran), but also the small company Smart Packaging Solutions (SPS).
“Industrially, we are ready, we have all anticipated. When we receive the green light, we need only press the button” says Ms. Martin.
In fact, the Imprimerie Nationale (700 employees) sets the stage for some time.
It has invested in January in the SPS Company based in Aix, which makes the golden color modules engraved, similar to credit cards, which will house the “State” chips or the “e-services” chips of the future ID, and very thin antennas integrated over the entire surface of the card to communicate with the reader.
Contracts for the provision of the Imprimerie Nationale, after bidding are not yet in sight, but Gemalto believes it has “many assets to bring” in this “market potential”.
The French giant also makes readers, as the small French company Xiring, which deployed the majority of readers of “Carte Vitale”, used in France.
“We expect very strong growth” said Lawrence Master, marketing director of Xiring. “With us, everything is ready, just missing the top start”.
Autor: Alix Rijckaert
Copyright © 2011 AFP. All rights reserved.
Unless you are as well trained as the famous Navy SEALs, do not expect to come here without being duly invited. Industrial site near Douai (Nord), everything is planned to deter malicious acts. Normal: The Imprimerie Nationale manufactures biometric passports, police or gendarmerie agent cards, registration certificates and other official documents. "Here is a little Fort Knox" warns Robert Carpentier, head of group security. In fact, this former police commander has not skimped in making his plans for 8000 volts electric fence, barbed wire, ditches and blocks anti-ram truck, camera laser beam, smart cards, PC shielded sub- ground ... After unannounced - and unsuccessful – attempts of intrusion, both the Raid and the GIGN validated his robust device. Converted into the private sector in early 2006 after thirty years in the General Information, Robert Carpenter is not alone: dozens of senior police officers now occupy similar positions in companies. And, adding the former military, over three quarters of the security officers of major French companies have a history of police commissioner, colonels or generals. Occasionally, they exchange their experiences in a professional circle, the CDSE (security directors of companies club)...close
May 13, Frederic Mitterrand met the profession to close the exhibition that the Ministry of Culture and Communication presented in the showcases of the colonnade and the gallery of Valois (Paris 1): "The treasures of the Atelier du Livre d'Art et de l'Estampe".
This exhibition was part of the ninth cycle of "Crafts on Stage" Treasures of the Imprimerie Nationale. As part of the exhibition cycle "Crafts on Stage", the Ministry of Culture and Communication "The treasures of the Atelier du Livre d'Art et de l'Estampe".
Until May 13, showcases the peristyle and the gallery of Valois in Paris hosted the most significant elements and most prestigious heritage accumulated by the Imprimerie Nationale over the centuries. Five large windows had a business of printing: lithography, monotype, the collotype, typography and materials punches.
Each case was illustrated by the remarkable productions of the workshop. Two small windows showed great books for bibliophiles, as well as examples of type design and Eastern typography. The workshop's book art and prints by the Imprimerie Nationale is a unique set that summarizes the history of the printed book and outlines the technical craft.
Creating characters, burning punches, cast lead type, hand composition and mechanical means of Latin characters and Oriental letterpress printing, intaglio, lithography, collotype, bookbinding and stationery, all these trades remain alive in the Imprimerie Nationale and combine to produce exceptional works limited edition combines the beauty of the characters to that of Figures.
Composers typographers have seven exclusive Latin characters and characters created Eastern or acquired over the centuries since the Greeks of the King designed and engraved by Claude Garamont for Francis 1st. From this historical heritage, the craftsmen's workshop book art and printmaking are producing work at the request of artists, publishers, gallery owners, bibliophiles or public institutions and private companies.
It took much thought to the step, but it's done, or nearly, the new police card makes its appearance. It's the size of a credit card, and joins the format of the press card or the card of lawyer.
In fact, the Ministerial agent card was revisited. But for police, it is a real working tool that specifically mentions the special rights attached to that profession. If I understand correctly, the prefects and officials have found it so nice that they have copied. Thus, at startup, there should be only two visual, police and administrative officials; it is eleven. This has seriously increased the invoice. Imagine the brawl bodies for a particular reference. For example, agents of Forensic Identification, the famous crime scene technicians, very fashion on TV, do not get the word "POLICE" written in red (a tradition for two generations of cards). They will settle for a "Forensic science", in black. Hopefully they will recover. Or registration of the right to requisition, that little phrase at the bottom of the card, which states that "The Civil and Military Authorities are invited to WAIT AND MOVEMENT holder of this card is authorized to request for service needs the assistance of the police".
Why the police card is sometimes called "requisition card", or card Requires some. It also said the bream or the fishing card, but it is a bit old.
These new cards are equipped with a two-chip RFID (radio), and a magnetic stripe. What worries some unions, as UNSA-Police.
Welcome to the club, should consider private sector employees who, under the pretext of security, know for many the return of the time clock and online monitoring.
In fact, this card is a little Swiss Army Knife. It will serve sesame for access to protected premises, consultation files, such as ICT, or electronic signature of the minutes. Navigo or password, or to adjust their meals in the mess of the police, etc.. For now, there is no question of it being accepted at local cafés.
It can be used from any workstation in the department, provided it is equipped with a reader - whose acquisition remains the responsibility of each service. The Imprimerie Nationale is in charge of manufacturing. Its cost is 18 €. For police, it's 180,000 cards to be put in circulation between 2011 and 2012 (the retirees will have to wait a little). As for the Gendarmerie, it took a step ahead with a project initiated in 2008, slightly different, more sober in my opinion a bit less successful, but it seems consistent. All personnel should have this year.
It is expected to be able to slip into a card holder that includes a medal and badge chest, that is to say, the degree. What makes something rather elegant and rational. But perhaps not very practical when it will withdraw for read it in the terminal ...
The police card has probably lost some of its prestige since the uniform was introduced in the police. But it remains a mythical object we often dream of blister on his boss's office. Except that in real life, it is carefully preserved. It follows the career, it is part of the officer, and he feels responsible for it, just as his weapon.close
5 million biometric passports issued in France were reached on April 20, two and a half years after the first passport containing a photo and fingerprints scanned, announced on Thursday, April 21, 2011 Ministry of Interior. The biometric passport, which is gradually replacing the e-passport, contains a microchip that is inserted in the facial image and the image of two fingerprints of the holder (taken only from the age of 6), said the department.
The first biometric passports had been issued officially October 31, 2008. It now takes an average week for biometric passport to be issued, the ministry said.
15 minutes no more - Since June 2009, passport applications can be made in one of the 2091 town halls equipped with recording stations that perform in less than 15 minutes the necessary formalities, he adds. The presence of fingerprints "is an essential security element of travel, making it a valuable tool in the fight against identity theft and against international terrorism" said the department.
The switch to biometric passports, whose detention is optional, has no deadline: the owners of e-passports can continue using them until their expiration date, said the department.
The manufacture of biometric passports has been entrusted to the Imprimerie Nationale capable of achieving up to 20.000 passports per day. 25 million copies in circulation - there are currently more than 25 million passports of any kind in circulation in France. Passports are valid for 10 years, except minors' passports under age 16 valid for 5 years.
The little pink paper affixed to the windshield of "bangers" is over. Taxi drivers of Côte d'Or are invited to visit the prefecture to renew their professional card. The former document, which did not present the card number and photo of the driver on the same component, will be replaced by a smaller card showing the identity of the driver on one side and visible from outside the vehicle.
Within three years
Now, the document will be printed by the Imprimerie Nationale in the same way as any other written identity document. This new secure card should help controls and reduce cases of fraud. The renewal of cards is programmed in Côte-d'Or over three years from the month of April 2011. Professionals are invited to contact the prefecture, only by email, stating their name, phone number and professional card to the email address.
Requirement for taxi drivers to put their professional card on the front window of their vehicles has necessitated the introduction of new models of professional cards. These secure cards manufactured by the Imprimerie Nationale and issued cost-free by the Prefecture of the place of certificate of professional competence or issuance of valid driver card. Affected people are coming in prefecture bearing a recent photograph, front view, bareheaded, format 35 x 45, neutral facial expression. The bottom plate must be united to the exclusion of white. After validation of the form and sent to the processing center, drivers will be invited by the department to collect their card against return of the valid paper chart.close
Until 13 May the Ministry of Culture and Communication presents in the windows of the colonnade and the gallery of Valois (Paris 1), "the treasures of l'Atelier du Livre d'Art et de l'Estampe of the Imprimerie Nationale". This exhibition is part of the ninth cycle of "Crafts on Stage": Treasures of the Imprimerie Nationale. As part of the exhibition cycle "Crafts on Stage" the Ministry of Culture and Communication presents "Treasures of l'Atelier du Livre d'Art et de l'Estampe of the Imprimerie Nationale".
Until May 13, the colonnade and the gallery of Valois in Paris welcome the most significant and prestigious heritage accumulated by the Imprimerie Nationale over the centuries. Five large windows provide a craft of printing: lithography, monoprint, the collotype, typography and materials punches. Each case is illustrated by the remarkable productions of the workshop. Two small windows provide great books for bibliophiles, as well as examples of type design and oriental typography. L'Atelier du Livre d'Art et de l'Estampe of the Imprimerie Nationale is a unique set that summarizes the history of the printed book and outlines the technical craft. Creating characters, burning punches, cast lead type, hand composition and mechanical means of Latin characters and Oriental letterpress printing, intaglio, lithography, collotype, bookbinding and stationery, all these trades remain alive in the Imprimerie Nationale and combine to produce exceptional works limited edition combines the beauty of the characters to that of Figures.
Composers typographers have seven exclusive Latin characters and Eastern characters created or acquired over the centuries since the Greeks of the King designed and engraved by Claude Garamont for Francis 1st. From this historical heritage, the craftsmen's workshop book art and printmaking works produced at the request of artists, publishers, gallery owners, bibliophiles or public institutions and private companies.
Craft Director: L'Atelier du Livre d'Art et de l'Estampe of the Imprimerie Nationale from March 23 to May 13 Windows of the Royal Palace, the Ministry of Culture and Communication Gallery Valois - accès Line 1, Metro Palais Royal - Musée du Louvre Opening hours of the garden: from 7:30 a.m. to 8:30 p.m. Set design: Paul Flavie Papin and Jouanclose
In a preview in Lille, were given the all-new customs cards supposedly tamper-proof. First ten cards, symbolically, before the national distribution of 18,000 by next June. . . . The uniform is not enough: "Every officer should be carrying a professional card as part of its mission, which guarantees every citizen that he is in the presence of a sworn officer, speaking under the Customs Code or upon demand", says Anne Cornet, Assistant Director of Programming, Budget and resources to the Directorate General of Customs.
The risk is not trivial to deal with an impostor. Hence the need for government to secure their tools.
"This first release is a milestone" said Philippe Galy, Chief Executive interregional customs Nord - Pas de Calais - Picardie, driver of the customs modernization in human resources.
Nationally, the 18 000 staff will have received this card here in June. "A long-term investment", says Anne Cornet. This card will replace the rigid cardboard card and will not be renewed in case of change in the situation of individual agents. "If interregional customs management based in Lille was chosen, it is also thanks to its neighbor, the Imprimerie Nationale in Douai and its know-how". These cards, for which the dematerialized data were sent to us are unfalsifiable" insists Didier Trutt, its CEO. The Imprimerie Nationale will also provide professional cards for the Department of Justice, the gendarmerie and the Ministry of Interior, which represent about 100,000 secured cards produced in Douai per year.
In preview, ten customs agents in the region have received yesterday afternoon their new professional card supposed to be "tamper-proof" and that will be over the whole French territory by the month June. "The uniform is not enough alone" warns Philip Galy, director of the Interregional Customs Nord - Pas de Calais - Picardie. To be sure of themselves in front of a person holding the 'kingly authority" as they say in the customs, the best is to ask the valuable professional card. A measure that has still its limits, because no one is safe from a wise guy who has made a copy rather honorable.
That's why the French customs have decided to launch a new version of the precious sesame. And it is in the North they arrived yesterday in preview. A card "ultra secure, impossible to duplicate" says Anne Cornet, deputy director of programming, budget and means to Customs. Exit the simple paper card. Now this is a plastic card with a bottom made of micro-letters, invisible ink and paper watermarked to prevent any entry. The citizen can have 100% confidence in this card, according to Customs. A card produced in the region. "Exclusive to our site, Douai"; says Didier Trutt, CEO of Imprimerie Nationale. Yesterday, top ten agents have received it before 18 000 across France receive it by June.close
The experience of a highly secure site
Didier Trutt has worked in the industrial sector for over 20 years. He has followed and supported one of the biggest changes of our time, the shift from analog to digital. In September 2009, he was appointed CEO of the Imprimerie Nationale.
The Imprimerie Nationale has recently been listed as an « Operator of Vital Importance », for its production plant in Douai. What impact will this have on the company and on its clients?
In 2006, shortly after the relocation of all our activities linked to the production and personalization of the first electronic passports, the site of Douai was listed as a PS1 site « Point sensible de première catégorie (Sensitive point of first category) ». This classification implied the implementation of a secure perimeter, control and surveillance devices, the traceability of flows, people, vehicles, material and end products, anti-intrusion and warning devices and external mobilisation. The OIV (Operator of Vital Importance) qualification has finalized our approach by integrating the highest physical, IT and network security standards. It is a means of guaranteeing integrity, confidentiality and availability of products and data to our clients. This distinction, along with our nomination for the Security Trophee 2010, is the acknowledgement of the strategic importance of our work on behalf of the State and of our security documents in general.
Managing a highly secure site is a unique experience. What have you learnt?
The system requires very exacting governance: every method or tool must be thoroughly studied before its implementation. We must take into account the nature of what we need to protect, of the risks we will have to face and find ways to fight against them. Once these have been identified, objectives and rules can be defined and the necessary means adopted: management of physical, IT, telematics and databases access, compliance to CNIL regulations, attendance control, digital signatures, confidentiality, authentication, data access… These parameters will determine which security system must be implemented: a secure site may not be sufficient. Systems, networks, processes may also need to be secured… The Imprimerie Nationale can fall back on its experience in Douai to meet the highest security standards. Thereby, the IN has been entrusted with the production of police cards, department of justice cards, municipal police officer cards and taxi cards. Other projects are being developed such as the future CNIe (Electronic National Identity Card) and the electronic European driving licence. The functionality of such cards not only helps develop dematerialized exchanges and the digital economy, it also fosters cost savings and new activities.
Given your history as a printing office, how legitimate are you as a leader in the field of security and high technology?
The processing of sensitive data has always been a core activity for us. For centuries, we have adapted to new needs and technologies. The Imprimerie Natinale's recent reorganization and focus around its three core activities (authentication of people and goods, secure and reliable services, digitized prints and flows) has enabled it to offer appropriate security solutions. The Imprimerie Nationale is an agnostic technology integrator and a secure and reliable service operator: our independent company offers the best possible technologies and services, at competitive prices! Our panoply of technologies is the basis of our know-how in terms of protection against falsification, identity theft or forgery. To do this, we use the best Smart technologies available, supplied to us by the leading companies in the sector (all of which are French). We can also rely on strategic partnerships such as our partnerships with SPS in the field of embedded modules for hybrid or dual interface cards, with Tessi in the field of dematerialization, and with Keynectis in the field of key management infrastructure. In the future, we expect to team up with additional innovative companies which will further our collection of solutions. To conclude, I would like to add that in the light of the Imprimerie Nationale's 500 year long history of commitment to the State and to citizens, we deserve the trust placed into us.
The secure solutions have been developed for the public sector. How can they be adapted to the private sector?
Every company, whether public or private, is faced with data securitization problems: confidentiality, integrity and availability. Our unique experience in the field of State security makes us very competitive because we take ethical aspects of the safeguarding of personal data confidentiality into account. Unquestionably, this makes us a trusted third party for the majority of customers. Our expertise ranges from the implementation of highly secure systems of electronic identification, the hosting of sensitive systems or services, document digitization and archiving, life cycle management of confidential data, to the design and implementation of secure dematerialized systems.
THE IMPRIMERIE NATIONALE, KEY FIGURES:
> Nearly one thousand employees
> Over 15 million secure documents per yea.
> A capacity of 20 000 passports per day
> 700 000 tachograph cards for the security of passenger and freight transport
> 50 million personalized mails processed through enterprise output management
> 50 million Banque Postale statements per year
> 100 000 companies connected to the Imprimerie Nationale's dematerialized network for commercial exchanges.
The Imprimerie Nationale becomes his partne.
Patrice Philippe, who took over from Henri Boccia at the head of SPS in July, smiles. The former sales manager of Smart Packaging Solutions (SPS), an SME specialized in manufacturing of contactless chips, designed to equip the official documents and bank cards, says "the need for new blood to turn the tide". Society, undermined by the crisis, falling orders and delays in national, indeed encountered significant financial difficulties. "With few employees, we have chosen to take the bull by the horns and do not hide our difficulties. We went without hesitation to the commercial court of Aix, we met with the mediator credit and spoke in a transparent. Our goal was to find a solution with each of our 140 creditors. We also had to resize the company to separate us from 22 employees and ask sacrifices of others. All agreed and wages were reduced" explains Philippe Patrice. He added: "But the result is there. It helped us, there were these efforts, and with the ongoing recovery, particularly marked by the registration of 45 million euros of orders, I promised to return as soon as possible, people had to leave. Each employee also received shares". Within a few months, SPS has refocused on its core business, has benefited from a real turnaround. Consolidation Fund and Business Development (EDCF), established in 2009 and backed by the Caisse des Dépôts, is entered in its capital by injecting 5 million euros (M €) in equity. More good news: the prestigious Imprimerie Nationale, including President Didier Trutt will Rousset this afternoon, has a privileged partner of SPS in turn by investing € 2 million. Objectives: To enable the company Rousset penetrate the market of passports, ID cards, cards police or gendarmerie, as well as driver's license in 2013.
Autor : Jean-Luc CROZEL - email@example.com
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